What?! There is a capacitor in my transformer?
Get a quick tutorial from James Tabbi, our Deputy Vice President of Exxelia's Magnetics Business Units, explaining what's interwinding capacitance
Exxelia recently designed an auxiliary transformer for a spacecraft application, where interwinding capacitance was of concern to the customer. The controller chip they were using in their power supply was noted to be “rather sensitive to excess capacitance.”
Exxelia has also supplied thousands of driver transformers for use in a subsystem of the AN/TPQ-53 Radar System in which interwinding capacitance within the toroidal windings is held to a very demanding tolerance.
But what is interwinding capacitance?
Capacitance in a transformer winding cannot be avoided. The voltage difference between turns, between winding layers and from windings to the core, creates “parasitic” capacitances in the transformer circuit. These capacitances are shown as Cp, Cs, and Cw in this schematic diagram of an electronic transformer “equivalent circuit.”
Interwinding and distributed capacitance occur in transformers due to the physical separation of, and electrostatic coupling between, different turns of wire. In general, the capacitance presents itself between the different layers within a winding and between the outside layer of one winding and the inside layer of the next.
In conventional magnetics, interwinding capacitance is a function of coil configuration – the geometry of adjacent conductors and separating dielectric media. Specifically, it is directly proportional to the shared surface area of the windings (shown in green and red below), the dielectric constant of the insulator between the windings (shown in gray below), and is inversely proportional to the separation distance through the dielectric media.
In high-frequency transformer design, leakage inductance and capacitance are often competing design requirements since the beneficial parameters that provide low leakage inductance also tend to increase the interwinding capacitance.
Excessive capacitance can cause undesirable common-mode noise transmission between transformer windings or between transformer windings and core or another ground connection.
Exxelia can assist with these design challenges when creating products that have to deal with interwinding capacitance, for all types of magnetic components.
Important coil configuration design considerations must be made when capacitive coupling causes unacceptable signal transmission (for example, common-mode noise transmission or undesirable spurious ringing on a high voltage output). Windings may be configured in a way that reduces the dV/dt voltages induced across dielectric media. Conductive screen(s) tied to preferred potential(s) can also be added between adjacent windings to reduce transmission.
If you’d like to learn more about interwinding capacitance or would like to discuss your specific magnetics needs, contact us firstname.lastname@example.org
Exxelia MIL Wet Tantalum Capacitors M39006/22 now qualified to Level P
Exxelia MIL Wet Tantalum Capacitors M39006/22 now qualified to Level P June 24th, 2019 – Paris, France – Exxelia, a French leading global designer and manufacturer of high-rel passive components and sub-systems dedicated to harsh environments, has received the P-Level qualification approval for its Wet Tantalum Capacitors MIL-PRF-39006/22. Exxelia’s MIL 39006/22 equivalent to CLR79 series is now approved to P-level reliability (0,1% / 1,000 h) for voltage ranges from 6V to 125V with a capacitance value ranging from 1,7µF to 1200µF. Available in T1, T2, T3 and T4 case sizes, these products are housed in a hermetically sealed Tantalum case operating from -55°C to +125°C and are designed to withstand the most stringent environmental constraints. FEATURES: Qualified for voltages up to 125V Provides from 1200µF at 6V to 56µF at 125V Highest Energy Density Unlimited shelf life Available with H vibration and shocks Manufactured in France MIL 39006/22 Level P are now available for order with a 14 weeks lead-time.
A “Game Changer” Rectangular Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitor, Called Cubisic SLP
Cubisic SLP is the new rectangular aluminum electrolytic capacitor from EXXELIA, a world leader in manufacturing and designing capacitors. Their products are known for their high performance and reliability, which has made them the choice of many of the world's leading avionics engineering companies. However, they were looking for a new, more reliable capacitor that could withstand even greater vibration and altitude than any previous capacitor. They needed a stronger, more reliable product with a life expectancy that matched the customers' projects. Product description : Cubisic SLP is among the industry's first aluminum electrolytic capacitors designed with flat technology. The result is a lighter, smaller rectangular shape with increased surface area, which improves its capacity. As a result, it can accommodate more energy at almost any altitude or vibration level. This makes Cubisic SLP ideal for applications where added durability is required, such as cockpits and power generation functions on aircrafts, along with being well-suited for radars and laser systems in up to 50G vibration conditions and 92K feet altitude resistance. ✅ Low profile printed circuit mounting ✅ Possible mounting with 45 x 12 bracket (A691057) ✅ Possible thermal dissipation per conduction through a lower and upper surface ✅ Switch mode power supplies, impulse current ✅ Withstands more than 92,000 feet altitude ✅ Sleeve optional Cubisic SLP comes in three sizes, is made with high-quality aluminum foil and impregnate with electrolyte. It has 2 terminals: anode, cathode. What makes Cubisic SLP so different? An example of one of the advantages of this technology is that designing a capacitor with a traditional cylindrical shape, means that 2/3 of its volume is empty, compared to this new flat design. As a result, more capacitors are packed into the same volume, thus increasing the density. What’s a Rectangular Aluminum electrolytic capacitor, and why is that important? What’s, a Rectangular Aluminum electrolytic capacitor : In short (no pun intended), a rectangular electrolytic capacitor is one of those components that keeps your electronics running safely, your ship floating, and your aircraft operating properly. A Rectangular electrolytic capacitor is a component that essentially stores electrical energy in the form of an ‘electrolyte’. It’s made up of three layers: two aluminum sheets separated by an electrolyte solution and encased in a steel or porcelain container. And as the name implies, it’s shaped like a rectangle. It's widely used in different industries because of its reliable and cost-effective protection, which makes it the go-to component for many commercial, industrial, and aerospace uses. Rectangular aluminum electrolytic capacitors are mostly used in military aircrafts, missiles, and nautical transportation, as well as space navigation systems. In these applications, reliability is crucial for the safety of millions of people, so it is essential to choose a reliable product that offers high performance and quality. So if you find yourself with any of those use cases and/or engineering projects on your hands that require high performance and quality under extreme environments, look no further than this capacitor! Why is that important? As an example, when a military fighter jet accelerates, it can experience up to three times the force of gravity. While this is an impressive feat, consider what it does to the components in the vehicle. One such component is a capacitor. While it might seem like just a small piece of circuitry, capacitors are responsible for a variety of functions in your fighter jet, including: > Powering the radar antenna > Controlling engine performance > Controlling flight-related functions like fuel injection and landing gear operation This is because of the way they deal with heat buildup, which is an issue with capacitors in high-performance vehicles, especially on aircrafts where rapid acceleration can cause significant damage to any component. That's helpful in the cockpit, where the controls are exposed to this kind of force; a control that has to withstand up to three times the force of gravity will last longer than one that isn't designed for this. In other places on a military jet—such as power generation functions—the same principle applies: if something is going to be exposed to extreme forces (like vibration or acceleration), it needs to be strong enough not to break easily. That's why these capacitors are a great choice: they can handle extreme conditions without losing their effectiveness over time. That's why Exxelia takes the time to test every single capacitor we sell to our customers. How does its ability to withstand varying vibration levels and altitudes make a difference to the aerospace industry? What makes a rectangular aluminum electrolytic capacitor so effective for aerospace companies? The answer: They're made from high-quality material—pure and simple. But the difference between standard capacitors and those for the aerospace industry goes far beyond that. For the aerospace industry, the ideal capacitor would endure extreme temperatures, have a wide range of voltage tolerances, and withstand varying vibration levels, all while maintaining its effectiveness at an altitude of 19,000 meters—which is where Cubisic SLP comes in. As an electrolytic capacitor with an expanded operating temperature range and a very high resistance against vibration and altitude changes, this product has been able to make a huge difference in how well aircrafts can stay in control. Not only does it help prevent power outages, but also it helps avionics to stay functional when they are subjected to drastically changing conditions. Cubisic SLP capacitors are designed to handle extreme environments, which makes them incredibly versatile—and incredibly useful. From aeronautics to medicine, these capacitors can help your projects meet just about any challenges. Where can I find out more about EXXELIA’s Cubisic SLP range? 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